Belhaven University Home
Site Map |
Search the Belhaven Catalogue

Catalogue: Adult Program
Undergraduate Degree Program Course Descriptions

Note: Below are listings of all courses offered in the adult studies programs at Belhaven University; however, not all of these courses are offered at each campus.

Art (ART)
245 Messages of Art (3).
This course will focus on equipping students in righteous judgment as it relates to art through
application of a model set of critical tools. Emphasis will be placed on identification, analysis, and evaluation of work from key movements and individuals in the history of art as well as artistic components of contemporary culture.
Biblical Studies (BIB)
220 Survey of the Old Testament (3).
A survey of the Old Testament and some of its basic themes, with an emphasis on the character of the God who reveals Himself through the Bible. Since God has created humankind in His image for fellowship with Him, there is consistent reference to the terms of that relationship. God is presented as holy, loving, sovereign, while people are presented as responsible for loving God, loving their neighbor, and caring for all that God has created. Attention is given to the promises and demands God makes which are relevant in our relationship with Him today.
221 Survey of the New Testament (3).
This course is a survey of the New Testament and some of its basic themes, with an emphasis on Jesus Christ as God who became a human being. Since Jesus came to seek and to save the lost, attention is focused on the salvation He came to bring and how it is received. Since Jesus continues to be God, attention is given to His Lordship over history and human life. The implications of His Lordship for our lives today are examined.
302 Biblical Interpretation (3).
The Bible was written long ago, but it is also God's word for today. A study of the principles necessary to understand what the Bible meant when it was written and how it is to be applied now.
308 Old Testament Prophetic Books (3).
A study of God's message to His people in the specific circumstances of the Old Testament. Special effort is given to understanding the message of the major and minor prophets and to seeing what they mean for present times.
310 Life and Teaching of Jesus (3).
A survey of Christ's life and teaching based on all four Gospels. Special attention is given to understanding the historical setting, showing how these books relate to the rest of Scripture and applying their principles today.
311 Life and Teaching of Paul (3).
A study of Paul's life and teachings as seen in Acts and his letters. This is designed to give the student an understanding of the early church and the ability to apply biblical principles to contemporary issues.
315 Old Testament Historical Books (3).
These books give an account of God's establishing a covenant relationship with His people. The study includes the historical development of this relationship, emphasizing its relevance for Christians today.
316 Old Testament Poetic Books (3).
A study of Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and the Song of Solomon, giving attention to style and content. Emphasis is given to understanding and living by the wisdom expressed in these books.
318 General Epistles (3).
A study of general epistles of the Bible, Hebrews through Jude, to see the fulfillment of the Old Testatment, the wisdom necessary for life, application of the new covenant to daily life, and the hope that these writings give for the future.
331 Christian Doctrine (3).
A critical investigation of the doctrines of Scripture, God, the Trinity, creation, covenant, and human beings.
340   Introduction to Counseling Theory and Techniques (Also PSY340) (3).
Exploration and examination of the leading theories in psychotherapy and counseling.  Students are trained in basic people helping skills such as listening skills, communication skills, crisis intervention, and problem-solving skills.  The course is designed to prepare students to meet a basic competency level in these skills that are useful in a variety of career and personal settings.
351 The Church and Community Development (3).
A study of intentional and transformational techniques and ministries directed to church growth and development of community.  The study focuses on establishing leadership within community, mission definition and focus, and effective outreach into the community.
360 Christian Social Responsibility (3) Prereq.: WVC 301.
Specific biblical teachings from both the Old and New Testament are presented as the foundation for serving God in a world filled with social needs.
390 Homiletics (3).
An introductory study of the preparation and delivery of sermons, with special emphasis on kinds, content, and sources of material for sermons. Attention also will be focused on the practice and effectiveness of delivery.
411 Transcultural Ministry (3).
A study of how God reveals His truth to people within their culture. By examining cultural differences, students become acquainted with and sensitive to the issues involved in working with people of other ethnic groups or cultures.
412 Evangelism and Disciple Building (3).
Study of methods of evangelism and discipleship, giving special attention to the importance of relationships and prayer in winning others to Christ.
415 Urban Ministry (3).
A biblical theology of the city will be outlined as the background for considering urban issues and ministries.
441 Pastoral Internship (1-6).
Supervised practical experience of ministry. May be taken for up to six hours of credit. This course is open to students in any major. Approval of the dean is required.
444 Guided Study/Senior Seminar (1-4).
Supervised research and writing in an approved area of biblical inquiry. Offered by special arrangement with the chairman of the department. May be taken more than once.
Biology (BIO)
255 General Biology I (3).
This course is designed to acquaint the student with the basic structures and life processes in animals as designed by the Creator. The major emphasis is on human anatomy and physiology. The course will include a brief overview of molecules, cells, and tissues. The major emphasis will be on mammalian organs and organ systems. The following organ systems will be emphasized: epithelial, skeletal, muscular, nervous, circulatory, respiratory, excretory, and reproductive.
260 General Biology II (3).
This course is designed to acquaint the student with the diversity of the living world as designed by the Creator. The organisms and the environment were initially designed with perfect interactions, checks and balances, and mechanisms for interdependence between microbes, plants, animals, and their nonliving environment. The major emphasis will be on the classification of organisms, the interactions between those organisms and the environment, and macro- and microevolution and creation.
Business (BUS)
180 Leadership in Business (3).
Explores the principles of sound business leadership and the applications of those principles to the challenges faced by today's leader in business and other organizations. The ethical and moral dimensions of business leadership are studied using biblical underpinnings and examples from the Scriptures and business. Video case studies are emphasized.
205 Learning Applications (3).
A study of time management techniques specifically targeted to the adult learner returning to college. Various approaches to effective use of time, effective learning strategies, critical thinking, and persuasive writing will be examined to assist students as they pursue academic, personal, and professional goals.
210 Principles of Budgeting and Accounting (3).
An introduction to the basic principles of business budgeting and accounting with applications for contemporary business practices in sole proprietorships, partnerships, and corporations.
301 Advanced Learning Applications (3).
A course designed to sharpen skills requisite to adult learner success within the foundations of a Christian liberal arts education.  These skills include effective learning, critical thinking across the curriculum, research writing, and Christian Worldview.  The student will develop an understanding of what a Christian worldview means within the context of this and other upper division courses.
304 Business Communication (3).
A study of the modern techniques of writing a variety of effective business memoranda, letters and reports. Also included will be the presentation of oral reports.
326 Principles of Management (3).
An introduction to the foundational principles and the basic management techniques that every manager must master to succeed in today's fast-changing, competitive environment. Emphasis is on the planning, organizing, managing, and controlling functions.
360 Operations Management (3). Prereq MAT202
The study of quantitative and decision-making tools used in managing the conversion process that transforms inputs (such as raw materials and labor) into outputs in the form of finished goods and services.  
362 Human Resources (3).
An investigation into the nature and behavior of humans as we relate and work together in organizations. Practical applications are made to the following: selection and retention, training, motivation, compensation, discipline, and organizational design.
363 Business Finance (3). Prereq: BBA 321, BSM 425.
A study of the sources and uses of funds in modern business firms. Emphasis is on capital markets, the time value of money, risk and rates of return, the valuation of bonds and stocks, financial statement analysis, financial forecasting, and capital budgeting.
370 Business Finance I (3). Prereq: BBA319, MAT345.
This course is a study of the sources and uses of funds in modern business firms. Emphasis will be placed on financial statement analysis, uses of financial ratios, benchmarking, capital markets, time value of money, and rates of return.
371 Business Finance II (3). Prereq: BUS370.
This course continues the study of the sources and uses of funds in modern business firms. Emphasis will be placed on components of rate of return, risk versus rate of return, cost of capital, capital budgeting, cash conversion cycle, and financial forecasting.
414 Business Law (3). Prereq.: BUS 326 recommended.
A study of the basic principles of law that apply to business transactions, thereby providing a basis for confidence in reaching decisions within the framework of rules of law. Primary emphasis is on contracts, agency, and the legal environment of business.
418 Business Ethics (3).
A study of basic ethical principles as applied to the major problem areas facing economic systems and to decision-making in the corporation and in society in general. The basic ethical principles and the accompanying value system used are biblically based.
419 Business Policy (3). Prereq. for BSM: BBA 340, 412, BUS 420 and BSM 370, 415 and 425; Prereq. for BBA: BBA 340, 350, 412, BUS 363, 414, 420, and BSM 425; Prereq. for BHA: BBA 412, BHA 401, 411, BSM 370, 415, 425 and BUS 414.
A study of the methods used by business firms in developing and evaluating strategies and policies to achieve goals and objectives.
420 International Business (3).
A survey of the operation of the firm in a global environment. Topics include global markets, international trade, foreign exchanges, trade policy, international politics, cross-cultural management, global strategic management, organizational design, and controlling.
Business Administration (BBA)
310 Management Information Systems (3).
An overview of information processing and management information systems. A survey of how business managers typically use computers. A study of computer hardware, software, and the methods that are used to apply them to business information needs.
320 Financial Accounting (3).
An accelerated Financial Accounting course designed to provide the student with a study of the principles and techniques used in modern financial accounting.
321 Administrative Accounting (3). Prereq: BBA 319.
An introduction to the principles and techniques used in modern managerial accounting, this course emphasizes job order and process cost systems for corporations.
330 Fundamentals of Macroeconomics (3). Prereq: MAT 202.
This course emphasizes the basic principles of macroeconomics and their application to the use of monetary and fiscal policies to achieve macroeconomic goals. Included is a survey of how these policies affect the economic environment in which business firms must function.
331 Fundamentals of Microeconomics (3). Prereq: MAT 202 and BBA 330.
This course presents the basic principles of microeconomic analysis and how they can be used to explain and predict the operation of business firms in a modern market economy.
340 Marketing Strategies (3). Prereq: BUS 304.
This course presents an overview of the marketing discipline with emphasis on planning and the development of competitive strategies. Major topics include the marketing environment, forecasting, price, retailing, wholesaling, product, and promotion.
350 Business Statistics (3). Prereq: MAT 345.
This course surveys data types, data presentation using descriptive graphs and tables, data summary using descriptive measures of central tendency and variation, continuous probability distributions, sampling distributions, confidence intervals for the mean and for the proportion, hypothesis testing for the mean and for the proportion, and linear regression.
412 Organizational Behavior (3). Prereq.: WVC 301.
A study of human behavior at the individual, group, and organizational level with topics including personality, motivation, teams, leadership, power, and organizational structure.
Business Management (BSM)
325 Introduction to Management Decision-Making (3).
An examination of problem-solving or decision-making processes. Emphasis is on skills and techniques of individual and group problem-solving and decision-making including creative and critical thinking.
370 Financial Accounting for Managers (3). Prereq.: BUS 360
This course is intended to be a one-course introduction to financial accounting. It will provide managers with the ability to understand and use financial statements, financial reports, and budgets, without the emphasis on preparation found in two-semester courses.
380 Leadership Skills Seminar (3). Prereq.: BUS 326.
A direct experience of learning leadership skills through guest speakers from community organizations and discussion. Topics include leadership challenges, recent trends in leadership research, and hands-on application of leadership theory. Students complete a major paper reviewing the presentations, applying concepts to their organization, and developing a detailed plan for improving their own leadership skills.
392 Business Research Methods (3). Prereq.: BUS 325
An examination of the processes and techniques of business research and its use to today's business leader. Among the areas covered are the process of defining a problem, selecting the method of research, ascertaining costs and benefits, statistical tools, and the presentation and implementation of findings.
415 Entrepreneurship (3).
An examination of the process of starting a new business and then effectively managing it. This course reviews the traits of entrepreneurs, creating the business plan, start-up challenges, researching and evaluating markets, forms of ownership, market positioning, financial controls and sources of revenue, and promotion.
425 Marketplace Economics (3). Prereq. BUS 360 or MAT 345
This course is a general introduction to the foundational principles and theories in micro- and macroeconomics for the manager. It includes the relationship of economic analysis to management decision-making and business strategy and policy.
Computer Science (CSC)
102 Introduction to Computers (3).
This survey course introduces computer hardware, software, procedures, systems, and human resources and explores their application in business and other segments of society. Use of operating system commands, word processing, electronic spreadsheets, presentations, and database management systems is accomplished through "hands-on" projects using microcomputers.
309 Computational Methods Using Excel ? (3). Prereq: MAT 202.
A study of the use of computer spreadsheets and embedded functions to solve otherwise complex mathematical problems of personal finance. Topics include introduction to spreadsheet basics, computing interest and payments for loans, investments, mortgages, and other amortized loans. Also included are financial statements, what if analysis, and risk analysis using expected value computations.
Education (EDU)
105 Learning Strategies for Adults (3).
A foundational course designed to develop skills essential to adult learner success within the foundations of a Christian liberal arts education.  These skills include effective learning, reading, writing, speaking, and critical thinking across the curriculum.  The student will also develop an understanding of what a Christian worldview means within the context of higher education.
290 Portfolio Development (3).
This course is formatted to lead students through the development of a portfolio the end result of which will enable to earn academic credit for college-level learning that has been completed outside the traditional classroom setting. It is designed to assist learners in attaining their academic and career goals by validating their professional competencies through the writing of essays and demonstrating of academic principles gained through experience.
English (ENG)
100A Foundations of Composition (3 institutional credit only)
This course is designed to reinforce the foundational skills for writing at the college level. Emphasis is on the writing process, including grammar, usage, and paragraph development, and on the reading process, including comprehension, accuracy, and vocabulary development. Analyzing ideas and beliefs from a Christian worldview is an integral part of this course.
104 Introduction to Writing (3). Prereq.: ENG 100A.
An introduction to the process of writing, emphasizing skills in proper use of grammar, paragraph and essay writing, and critical thinking. Emphasizes the Christian responsibility to use language effectively and ethically. Must pass with a C or above to enter English 105.
105 Research Writing for Adults (3). Prereq.: ENG 104.
A course in research writing designed to revisit composition skills, introduce and use recognized research techniques and styles of documentation, learn organization of thought through literary examples, and develop critical thinking through group evaluation and discussion.
235 Survey of Literature I (3). Prereq.: ENG 104 and ENG 105.
A survey course for adult students designed to cover selected readings in translation of major continental authors within the varied historical, linguistic cultures in which they wrote. Beginning with the Hebrew and Greek periods, ENG 235 proceeds through the modern and postmodern eras. Lecture, discussion, group projects, and analytical writing - on tests and papers - are utilized.
240 Survey of Literature II (3). Prereq.: ENG 104 and ENG 105.
A survey course for adult students designed to cover selected readings of major British and American authors. Emphasis is on the sequence of historical literary periods (Anglo-Saxon to modern British and American) that serve as interpretive backgrounds for these writers. Lecture, discussion, group projects, and analytical writing - on tests and papers - are utilized.
Health Administration (BHA)
315 Healthcare Organizations in the United States (3).
This course provides a broad overview of the various functions of the United States healthcare system. The student is introduced to the nature of illness and disease, and utilization characteristics are examined. The various forms of provider models and service delivery systems found in private and public health sectors are described, including ambulatory, acute and long term care. The human, technological, and financial resources required in the delivery of healthcare are examined. Measures of success are discussed, i.e., patient outcome, regulatory compliance, and service efficacy and efficiency. The role of state and local politics in policy formation and implementation are reviewed. The various stakeholders in healthcare delivery are identified.
326 Healthcare Quality Management and Outcomes Analysis (3).
This course examines the relationships between business and healthcare outcome measures. Methods for process and outcome improvement are described as well as the statistical application and significance of measuring outcomes.
401 Financial Administration of Healthcare (3).
This course provides an overview of healthcare financial management from a Christian worldview; Emphasis on use of financial statements for decision-making purposes and application of financial analysis to budgeting, capital project evaluation, and contracting.  Other topics include healthcare coding and billing concepts as sell as background information on the legal and regulatory environment and impact on health care delivery.
402 Ethics in Health Administration (3).
The course identifies ethical issues for healthcare administrators. It is designed to encourage the student to clarify their personal ethics in regard to administration issues. The various responsibilities involving the managing of populations whose ethics may be divergent are identified. A study of the Christian worldview as it is applied to leadership situations, drawing contrasts between biblically-based principles and competing worldviews through the use of case studies and articles.
411 Healthcare Marketing (3).
An overview of the power of marketing in meeting the organizational challenges in today's complex health care environment, particularly managed care.  This course explores the art and science of how individuals make health care purchasing choices, and the response necessary to gain market share.
History (HIS)
125 World Civilizations (3).
A survey of significant developments in the world's major societies including the Oriental, African, and Western civilizations. The course summarizes important political and cultural events from ancient times to the early 20th century.
130 20th Century Europe (3).
A study of international affairs since World War I, emphasizing recent and current trends. This course surveys significant 20th century political and cultural occurrences and provides perspective for modern times.
220 The Influence of Christianity in Western Culture (3).
A survey of the church from Pentecost through the reformation examining the spread of Christianity and its growing influence in Western Cultures through the end of the 18th century. The course addresses the role of Christianity in cultural development including individual freedom, the growth of science and economic systems, and freedom of religion leading to the American political structures.
International Studies (IST)
201 Global Culture (3).
Global culture through study of methodology, history, economic, political, social, religious, and intellectual ideas. Taught at the discretion of the instructor. Not accepted in place of SPA or FRE 101-102 or SPA or FRE 201-202.
Mathematics (MAT)
202 Quantitative Reasoning (3).
Quantitative Reasoning is a survey of practical and quantitative topics in mathematics with an emphasis on problem-solving, critical thinking, logical reasoning, and applications. Topics include statistical reasoning, elementary probability, logic, number systems, problem-solving techniques, estimation, mathematical models, functions, and other analytical skills useful in real world situations. Throughout the course, an emphasis will be placed on mathematical applications in business and economics as well as on gaining competent literacy on quantitative information.
345 Mathematics for Business and Economics (3). Prereq: MAT 202 or equivalent.
Mathematics for Business and Economics is an introduction to the basic mathematical concepts used in finance and economics. Topics include functions, differential calculus, statistics, and finance. Applications to business are emphasized throughout the course.
Psychology (PSY)
201 General Psychology I (3).
An introduction and overview of foundational concepts within Psychology.  Topics include sensation and perception, human development, cognition, personality development and behavior.
202 General Psychology: Applied Psychologies (3) Prereq.: PSY 201
A continuation of the foundational concepts, principles, and applications of psychology.  Topics include learning, behavior, emotion, cognition, personality theories, psychological disorders, psychological treatments and healthy psychology.
240 Human Growth and Development I (3)
A study of the growth and development of the individual from conception until late adolescence. Emphasis will be placed on physical, perceptual, motor, cognitive, language, spiritual, social and emotional development. Includes study of major developmental theories and concepts that are applied to childhood and adolescence as well as problems common to this period.
241 Human Growth and Development II (3)
A study of the growth and development of the individual from early adulthood until death. Emphasis will be placed on physical, perceptual, motor, cognitive, language, spiritual, social and emotional development. Specific issues common to the older years, including marriage, family, parenthood, grandparenthood, vocational choice, retirement, disabilities and death are an integral part of this class.
303 Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences (3). Prereq: PSY 202 and MAT 133 or 202.
A basic survey of the descriptive statistics and inferential statistics used in research. Computation and elementary theory of correlation, t test and simple analysis of variance. Applicable primarily to the social sciences and all examples and problems are selected from social and behavioral sciences. Elective credit only.
313 Abnormal Psychology I (2). Prereq.: PSY 202
A study of the conceptions and classifications of the major personality disorders resulting from both physical and psychological causes. Consideration is given to the causes, symptoms, therapy, and prognosis of these disorders.
314 Abnormal Psychology II (3). Prereq PSY313
A continuation of the study of the conceptions and classifications of the major personality disorders resulting from both physical and psychological causes. Attention is given to cognitive and lifespan disorders as well as applicable law and practice that affect practitioners.
340 Introduction to Counseling Theory and Techniques (3).
Exploration and examination of the leading theories in psychotherapy and counseling. The philosophical assumptions and implications of each theory and technique are examined and critiqued form rational, empirical, and Christian perspectives. Students are trained in basic people helping skills such as listening skills, communication skills, crisis intervention, and problem-solving skills. The course is designed to prepare students to meet a basic competency level in these skills that are useful in a variety of career and personal settings.
342 Psychology for the Exceptional Child (3).
A study of the child whose development follows atypical patterns. This would include all children eligible for special education placement: the mentally retarded, the gifted, the physically and behaviorally handicapped, the visually and hearing impaired, the learning disabled, the speech and language impaired, and autistic children. Students visit several local agencies in order to become more familiar with exceptional children and services available for these children.
351 Practicum (1-6)
Field experience related to the student's academic and life goals. The practicum is designed to provide professionally supervised experience in the research and application of principles of behavior modification in selected settings. The students can choose between clinical or research practice. Only open to BASS majors. Second semester junior or senior standing, 2.75 GPA or above, departmental approval, a journal and a paper are required. Refer to "Student intern Programs and Practicums" for further requirements. Will not count toward the 38 hours in psychology. Elective credit only.
Sociology (SOC)
101 Introduction to Sociology (3).
A survey course designed to introduce the science of human society. Primary emphasis is on basic concepts and the development of a sociological perspective. Major figures in the history of social science and the analysis of culture, socialization, social institutions, and social change are emphasized.
201 Social Problems (3).
A study of theoretical approaches to social problems with special emphasis and research in such specific problems as medical care, poverty and dependency, crime, alcoholism, sexual deviancy, prejudice, discrimination and race relations, delinquency, environmental concerns, and mental illnesses. Social problems are examined and discussed, analyzing efforts of resolution from a Christian perspective.
202 The Family (3).
A study of the traditional and contemporary American family and its implication for Christian lifestyles. Issues to be studied include dating, courtship, choosing a mate, marriage, contraception, family planning, pregnancy, child abuse, economics of family life, communication and conflict management, media, divorce, and substance abuse.
220 Race, Gender, and Diversity: Social Stratification (3). Prerequisite: SOC 101.
An analysis of the social stratification system as organized by class, gender, race, and ethnicity. Emphasis is placed on human diversity and oppression, and on resulting implications for human service organizations, individuals, and society.
310 Death, Dying, and Grief (3).
This course provides a basic background on historical and contemporary perspectives on death and dying. Attention is given to current American practices regarding death, as well as cross-cultural interpretation. Emphasis is also placed on stages of death and the grief process.
350 Social Services Practice I (3). Prereq: SOC 101 and PSY 340.
An analysis of the methods and techniques of social service practice with an emphasis on work with individuals. Topics include ethics of practice, assessment, and intervention methods.
351 Social Services Practice II (3). Prereq: SOC 350.
A continuation of SOC 350. Examines the methods and techniques of practice with families, groups and communities. Topics include family and group dynamics, assessment and intervention methods, and dynamics of community organization.
370 Social Services Field Experience (3). Prereq: Junior or senior standing, BIB 360 and SOC 351.
Unpaid field experience related to the student's academic and life goals. The field experience is designed to provide professionally supervised experience in the research and application of principles of behavior and modification in selected settings.
390 Fundamentals of Rehabilitation (3)
An overview of the fundamentals of Christian rehabilitation.  Students observe, train, and participate (with supervision) on-site in all major functions of individual and family rehabilitation and protective services including training in life management, case management, career learning center, children and youth ministry, and adult addiction ministries.   Emphasis is placed on Christian rehabilitation through the application of practical Biblical principles for everyday living.
Speech (SPE)
120 Presenting Speeches (3).
A study of theory and practice in simple, direct, practical public speaking.
Worldview Curriculum (WVC)
301 Christian Interpretation of Life (3).
This course is a study of the Christian world- and life-view, contrasting Christianity with the worldviews of modernity and post-modernity. This Worldview Curriculum is designed to make the understanding and articulation of worldview (an overarching explanation of life or the perspective from which one interprets the world) a major goal of its educational program. As such, this class will seek to clarify and deepen each student’s understanding of the general concept of worldview, providing a framework from which the student can construct and articulate his or her own worldview.
401 Kingdom Life: Family and Workplace (3). Prereq: WVC 301, Prereq. for BBA, BHA and BSM: BUS 419; only to be taken in semester immediately prior to graduation.
A practical application of the biblical vision of the Kingdom of God, especially as related to family and workplace.