Catalogue: Adult Program
Undergraduate Degree Program Course Descriptions

Note: Below are listings of all courses offered in the adult studies programs at Belhaven University; however, not all of these courses are offered at each campus.

Art (ART)
245 Messages of Art (3).
This course will focus on equipping students in righteous judgment as it relates to art through
application of a model set of critical tools. Emphasis will be placed on identification, analysis, and evaluation of work from key movements and individuals in the history of art as well as artistic components of contemporary culture.
Biblical Studies (BIB)
214 Old Testament History (3).
A historical survey of the Old Testament and some of its basic themes, with an emphasis on the character of the God who reveals Himself through the Bible. Since God has created humankind in His image for fellowship with Him, there is consistent reference to the terms of that relationship. God is presented as holy, loving, sovereign, while people are presented as responsible for loving God, loving their neighbor, and caring for all that God has created. Attention is given to the promises and demands God makes which are relevant in our relationship with Him today.
215 New Testament History (3).
This course is a historical survey of the New Testament and some of its basic themes, with an emphasis on Jesus Christ as God who became a human being. Since Jesus came to seek and to save the lost, attention is focused on the salvation He came to bring and how it is received. Since Jesus continues to be God, attention is given to His Lordship over history and human life. The implications of His Lordship for our lives today are examined.
302 Biblical Interpretation (3).
The Bible was written long ago, but it is also God's word for today. A study of the principles necessary to understand what the Bible meant when it was written and how it is to be applied now.
308 Old Testament Prophetic Books (3).
A study of God's message to His people in the specific circumstances of the Old Testament. Special effort is given to understanding the message of the major and minor prophets and to seeing what they mean for present times.
310 Life and Teaching of Jesus (3).
A survey of Christ's life and teaching based on all four Gospels. Special attention is given to understanding the historical setting, showing how these books relate to the rest of Scripture and applying their principles today.
311 Life and Teaching of Paul (3).
A study of Paul's life and teachings as seen in Acts and his letters. This is designed to give the student an understanding of the early church and the ability to apply biblical principles to contemporary issues.
315 Old Testament Historical Books (3).
These books give an account of God's establishing a covenant relationship with His people. The study includes the historical development of this relationship, emphasizing its relevance for Christians today.
316 Old Testament Poetic Books (3).
A study of Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and the Song of Solomon, giving attention to style and content. Emphasis is given to understanding and living by the wisdom expressed in these books.
318 General Epistles (3).
A study of general epistles of the Bible, Hebrews through Jude, to see the fulfillment of the Old Testament, the wisdom necessary for life, application of the new covenant to daily life, and the hope that these writings give for the future.
331 Christian Doctrine (3).
A critical investigation of the doctrines of Scripture, God, the Trinity, creation, covenant, and human beings.
334 Law Books and Wisdom Literature (3). Pre-req: WVC 301
The whole point of the Bible is to explain who God is and what his expectations are from his sheep. This course describes the Old Testament standards for how God’s servants are to shepherd ethically in the image of their sovereign Shepherd.
335 Gospels and Letters (3). Pre-req: WVC 301
341 Doctrines and Practical Implications (3). Pre-req: WVC 301
A historical and systematic survey of Christian doctrine as set forth in Scripture.
A critical investigation of the doctrines of Scripture, God, the Trinity, creation, covenant, and human beings.
344 Israel’s History (3). Pre-req: WVC 301
This course is an exploration of the main events, characters, places, and historical situations of the Old Testament.
345 Kingdom History (3). Pre-req: WVC 301
This course is an exploration of the main events, characters, places, and historical situations of the New Testament.
351 The Church and Community Development (3).
A study of intentional and transformational techniques and ministries directed to church growth and development of community. The study focuses on establishing leadership within community, mission definition and focus, and effective outreach into the community.
360 Christian Social Responsibility (3) Prereq.: WVC 301.
Specific biblical teachings from both the Old and New Testament are presented as the foundation for serving God in a world filled with social needs.
375 Outreach Ministry in Context (3). Pre-req: WVC 301
A practical study of a shepherding model of personal Christian service, with particular focus on developing ministry knowledge and skills for working in the student’s specific, real-life context.  The course explores Christian ministry in broad enough terms as to apply to any Christian seeking to be of kingdom service to Jesus, but with a practical application to normal social settings and contexts.
385 Shepherding Ministry in Context (3). Pre-req: WVC 301
This course examines biblical models for Christian ministry, focusing especially on service toward others. The topics include: qualifications for Christian leadership, how to recognize and use spiritual gifts, and how to develop a ministry plan for a specific audience. The course emphasizes personal spiritual development as an essential part of engaging in any Christian ministry.
390 Homiletics (3).
An introductory study of the preparation and delivery of sermons, with special emphasis on kinds, content, and sources of material for sermons. Attention also will be focused on the practice and effectiveness of delivery.
395 God’s Kingdom through History (3). Pre-req: WVC 301
This course provides a historical overview of the advance of God’s kingdom, the Church, from the apostolic age to the present era focusing on the key transitions in theology, organization, and expansion of Christianity.
411 Transcultural Ministry (3).
A study of how God reveals His truth to people within their culture. By examining cultural differences, students become acquainted with and sensitive to the issues involved in working with people of other ethnic groups or cultures.
412 Evangelism and Disciple Building (3).
Study of methods of evangelism and discipleship, giving special attention to the importance of relationships and prayer in winning others to Christ.
415 Urban Ministry (3).
A biblical theology of the city will be outlined as the background for considering urban issues and ministries.
441 Internship (1-6).
Supervised practical experience of ministry. May be taken for up to six hours of credit. This course is open to students in any major. Approval of the dean is required.
444 Guided Study/Senior Seminar (1-4).
Supervised research and writing in an approved area of biblical inquiry. Offered by special arrangement with the chairman of the department. May be taken more than once.
470 Non Profit Administration (3). Pre-req: WVC 301
A study of the process of administration in a non-profit context. Identifying and assessing leadership styles and qualities and using groups in leadership are included. Skills in leading meetings, developing budgets, using time, making decisions and delegating work are major emphases.
480 Thesis (3). Capstone
Biology (BIO)
125 Science & Culture II: Life Sciences for a Sustainable Future (4)
This course is an introduction to issues in Biology as they affect our lives and the natural world. The course will take a problem-based approach as we address issues of health, well-being, biodiversity, the environment, and scientific discovery and will focus on the practical application of this knowledge to our lives and a sustainable society.
Business (BUS)
205 Learning Applications (3).
A study of time management techniques specifically targeted to the adult learner returning to college. Various approaches to effective use of time, effective learning strategies, critical thinking, and persuasive writing will be examined to assist students as they pursue academic, personal, and professional goals.
304 Business Communication (3). Prereq: ENG 103 and ENG 108
A study of the modern techniques of writing a variety of effective business memoranda, letters and reports. Also included will be the presentation of oral reports.
309 Business Computer Applications (3).
A study of computer applications essential to business today. Emphasis on software applications in communication, statistics, and finance. Emerging computer technology will also be discussed.
320 Introduction to Marketing (3). Prereq: ENG 103 or 108.
An overview of the marketing discipline with emphasis on planning and the development of competitive strategies. Specific topics include the marketing environment, marketing research, advertising, personal selling, sales promotion, pricing, new product development, and distribution channels.
326 Principles of Management (3). Prereq: ENG 103 or 108.
An introduction to the foundational principles and the basic management techniques that every manager must master to succeed in today's fast-changing, competitive environment. Emphasis is on the planning, organizing, managing, and controlling functions.
360 Operations Management (3). Prereq BUS 395 or MAT 345
The study of quantitative and decision-making tools used in managing the conversion process that transforms inputs (such as raw materials and labor) into outputs in the form of finished goods and services.
362 Human Resources (3). Prereq: BUS 326
An investigation into the nature and behavior of humans as we relate and work together in organizations. Practical applications are made to the following: selection and retention, training, motivation, compensation, discipline, and organizational design.
363 Business Finance (3). Prereq: BBA 321, ECO 407
A study of the sources and uses of funds in modern business firms. Emphasis is on capital markets, the time value of money, risk and rates of return, the valuation of bonds and stocks, financial statement analysis, financial forecasting, and capital budgeting.
395 Management Research Methods (3).  Prereq: Math 202.
Application of research methods in collecting, recording and analyzing decisions relevant to management decisions.
406 Finance and Accounting for Managers (3).  Prereq: MAT 202
A survey of basic finance and accounting tools used in managerial decision-making.  Topics include acquisition and allocation of financial resources, net present value, capital budgeting and accounting systems.
412 Organizational Behavior (3).  Prereq: BUS 326
A study of human behavior at the individual, group, and organizational level with topics including personality, motivation, teams, leadership, power and organizational structure.
414, 415 Business Law (3, 3). BUS 414 Prereq: BUS 326;  BUS 415 prereq: BUS 414
A study of the basic principles of law that apply to business transactions, thereby providing a basis for confidence in reaching decisions within the framework of rules of law. Primary emphasis is on contracts, agency, and the legal environment of business.
418 Business Ethics (3).
A study of basic ethical principles as applied to the major problem areas facing economic systems and to decision-making in the corporation and in society in general. The basic ethical principles and the accompanying value system used are biblically based.
419 Business Policy (3). Prereq: Must be last course of Core
A study of the methods used by business firms in developing and evaluating strategies and policies to achieve goals and objectives.
420 International Business (3). Recommended prerequisites: BUS 320, 326, and ECO 407.
A survey of the operation of the firm in a global environment. Topics include global markets, international trade, foreign exchanges, trade policy, international politics, cross-cultural management, global strategic management, organizational design, and controlling.
Business Administration (BBA)
302 Business Foundations (3).
This survey course introduces students to the key foundations of the business world.  Students will see how the many pieces fit together, laying a foundation for future study in each area of business.
320 Financial Accounting (3).
An accelerated Financial Accounting course designed to provide the student with a study of the principles and techniques used in modern financial accounting.
321 Administrative Accounting (3). Pre-req: BBA 320
An introduction to the principles and techniques used in modern managerial accounting, this course emphasizes job order and process cost systems for corporations.
Clinical Pastoral Education (CPE)
401 Clinical Pastoral Education (3)
Professional education for students seeking to learn pastoral care ministry.  Students, under the guidance of a CPE supervisor, participate in clinical contact with individuals in a chaplaincy/ministry setting gaining experience in pastoral care.  Students must spend 240 hours in clinical care including compiling their clinical pastoral experiences using the action/reflection model of learning.
Computer Science (CSC)
102 Introduction to Computers (3).
This survey course introduces computer hardware, software, procedures, systems, and human resources and explores their application in business and other segments of society. Use of operating system commands, word processing, electronic spreadsheets, presentations, and database management systems is accomplished through "hands-on" projects using microcomputers.
309 Computational Methods Using Excel (3). Prereq: MAT 202.
A study of the use of computer spreadsheets and embedded functions to solve otherwise complex mathematical problems of personal finance. Topics include introduction to spreadsheet basics, computing interest and payments for loans, investments, mortgages, and other amortized loans. Also included are financial statements, what if analysis, and risk analysis using expected value computations.
Criminal Justice (CJU)
320 Introduction to Criminal Justice (3).
A survey of the philosophies, functions, and methods of social control, with emphasis on law enforcement and those involved in its administration – police, courts, and corrections organizations. This course includes the study of the history, organization, processes, and problems related to criminal justice in the American heterogeneous, democratic society of the 21st century.
407 Criminology (3).
This course provides an overview of criminology in America: criminology concepts, theories of crime causation: rational choice, trait theory, social structure theory, social process theory, developmental theory, and biblical theory; and crime typologies: violent crime, terrorism, political crime, property crime (white collar, blue-collar, green collar), public order crime, cybercrime, technology, and transnational crime.
412 Police Organizations (3).
An overview of policing in America, the organization and operations of police agencies, their history and evolution, the personality and role of the individual police officer. This course also addresses critical issues in policing, such as technology and criminalistics, as well as the increased threat of terrorism in America and policing responses to these new challenges.
419 Justice and Society (3).
This course focuses on the relationships between law and other social institutions, and examines the values and interests that are expressed in law and shaped by legal structures and processes. Consensus and conflict perspectives of the law are compared and contrasted, and applied to understanding the law’s impact on everyday life. This course takes an explicit interdisciplinary approach to understanding law.
Economics (ECO)
407 Economics (3). Pre-req: MAT 202.
An introductory study of parts of the economy including consumers, firms, industries, and markets. Emphasis is on firm pricing and resource allocation. Also included is a study of the economy as a whole, emphasizing national income, employment, prices and inflation, and output in an economic system. Problems in controlling and forecasting economic fluctuations are also examined.
Education (EDU)
105 Learning Strategies for Adults (3).
A foundational course designed to develop skills essential to adult learner success within the foundations of a Christian liberal arts education. These skills include effective learning, reading, writing, speaking, and critical thinking across the curriculum. The student will also develop an understanding of what a Christian worldview means within the context of higher education.
106 Foundations of Composition (3). Formerly ENG 100A.
This course is designed to reinforce the foundational skills for writing at the college level. Emphasis is on the writing process, including grammar, usage, and paragraph development, and on the reading process, including comprehension, accuracy, and vocabulary development. Analyzing ideas and beliefs from a Christian worldview is an integral part of this course.
290 Portfolio Development (3).
This course is formatted to lead students through the development of a portfolio the end result of which will enable to earn academic credit for college-level learning that has been completed outside the traditional classroom setting. It is designed to assist learners in attaining their academic and career goals by validating their professional competencies through the writing of essays and demonstrating of academic principles gained through experience.
English (ENG)
103 Composition and Rhetoric (3). Prereq.: EDU 106.  Foundation course, pre-req. for all courses except EDU 105 and 106.
An introduction to the process of writing, emphasizing skills in proper use of grammar, paragraph and essay writing, and critical thinking while exploring the relationships of composition and rhetoric.  Emphasizes the Christian responsibility to use language effectively and ethically. (Must be passed with a grade of C- or better)
108 Effective Research Writing (3).  Pre-req: ENG 103.  Foundation course, pre-req. for all courses except EDU 105 and 106.
An online course designed to develop critical thinking through group evaluation and discussion in research writing and compositional skills which introduces and uses recognized research techniques and styles of documentation and organization of thought through literary examples.
203, 204 Survey of World Literature (3, 3).  Pre-req: ENG 103 and ENG 108
A survey of major continental authors and their writings, the literary historical periods, and the linguistic cultures of various nations. ENG 203 covers the Greco-Roman and Hebrew-Christian periods through the Renaissance; ENG 204 from the Enlightenment to the modern and postmodern eras.
Health Administration (BHA)
315 Healthcare Organizations in the United States (3).
This course provides a broad overview of the various functions of the United States healthcare system. The student is introduced to the nature of illness and disease, and utilization characteristics are examined. The various forms of provider models and service delivery systems found in private and public health sectors are described, including ambulatory, acute and long term care. The human, technological, and financial resources required in the delivery of healthcare are examined. Measures of success are discussed, i.e., patient outcome, regulatory compliance, and service efficacy and efficiency. The role of state and local politics in policy formation and implementation are reviewed. The various stakeholders in healthcare delivery are identified.
326 Healthcare Quality Management and Outcomes Analysis (3).
This course examines the relationships between business and healthcare outcome measures. Methods for process and outcome improvement are described as well as the statistical application and significance of measuring outcomes.
401 Financial Administration of Healthcare (3). Prereq: BBA 320 or BUS 406
This course provides an overview of healthcare financial management from a Christian worldview; Emphasis on use of financial statements for decision-making purposes and application of financial analysis to budgeting, capital project evaluation, and contracting. Other topics include healthcare coding and billing concepts as sell as background information on the legal and regulatory environment and impact on health care delivery.
402 Ethics in Health Administration (3).
The course identifies ethical issues for healthcare administrators. It is designed to encourage the student to clarify their personal ethics in regard to administration issues. The various responsibilities involving the managing of populations whose ethics may be divergent are identified. A study of the Christian worldview as it is applied to leadership situations, drawing contrasts between biblically-based principles and competing worldviews through the use of case studies and articles.
411 Healthcare Marketing (3).
An overview of the power of marketing in meeting the organizational challenges in today's complex health care environment, particularly managed care. This course explores the art and science of how individuals make health care purchasing choices, and the response necessary to gain market share.
History (HIS)
108 Civilization (3).
Survey of significant developments in the world's major societies with the emphasis on western civilization.  Studies key occurrences through the early 20th century.
205 Contemporary World History (3).
A study of international affairs since World War I, emphasizing recent and current events. It is a selective survey of significant 20th-century political and cultural occurrences, which provides perspective for modern times
Interdisciplinary Studies (IDS)
499 Senior Interdisciplinary Studies Project (3).
This is a senior seminar focused on interdisciplinary research and writing. All requirements and deadlines for the completion of an interdisciplinary senior project/paper are reviewed in this course. Students are expected to present their projects/papers at the end of the course.
Mathematics (MAT)
202 Quantitative Reasoning (3).
Quantitative Reasoning is a survey of practical and quantitative topics in mathematics with an emphasis on problem-solving, critical thinking, logical reasoning, and applications. Topics include statistical reasoning, elementary probability, logic, number systems, problem-solving techniques, estimation, mathematical models, functions, and other analytical skills useful in real world situations. Throughout the course, an emphasis will be placed on mathematical applications in business and economics as well as on gaining competent literacy on quantitative information.
345 Mathematics for Business and Economics (3). Prereq: MAT 202 or equivalent.
Mathematics for Business and Economics is an introduction to the basic mathematical concepts used in finance and economics. Topics include functions, differential calculus, statistics, and finance. Applications to business are emphasized throughout the course.
Psychology (PSY)
203 General Psychology  (3).
A survey of psychology as an empirical/behavioral science in light of a Christian worldview. Topics to be surveyed include the biology of the mind, development, emotions, cognition, learning, motivation, socialization, personality and psychological disorders.
243 Human Growth and Development (3). Pre-req: PSY 203
A study of the growth and development of the individual from conception until late adolescence. Emphasis will be placed on physical, perceptual, motor, cognitive, language, spiritual, social and emotional development. Includes study of major developmental theories and concepts that are applied to childhood and adolescence as well as problems common to this period. Specific issues common to the older years, including marriage, family, parenthood, grandparenthood, vocational choice, retirement, disabilities and death are also an integral part of this class.
304 Elementary Statistics (3). Prereq: PSY 203, MAT 202
A basic survey of the descriptive statistics and inferential statistics used in research. Computation and elementary theory of correlation, t test and simple analysis of variance. Applicable primarily to the social sciences, and all examples and problems are selected from social and behavioral sciences. Psychology majors should complete this course no later than the first semester of their junior year.
312 Abnormal Psychology (3). Pre-req: PSY 203
A study of the conceptions and classifications of the major personality disorders resulting from both physical and psychological causes. Consideration is given to the causes, symptoms, therapy, and prognosis of these disorders.
331 Theories of Personality (3). Pre-req: PSY 203
A survey of examples of some of the major types of analytic models of human psychological existence. The organization, development, and dynamics of personality according to each theorist are considered in the light of his or her own research evidence and his or her own personality.
332 Learning and Memory (3). Pre-req: PSY 203
An in-depth analysis of basic concepts and theoretical developments in the area of learning and memory, both animal and human. Particular attention is directed to application of these theories to common, everyday situations.
340 Introduction to Counseling Theory and Techniques (3). Pre-req: PSY 203, PSY 312
Exploration and examination of the leading theories in psychotherapy and counseling. The philosophical assumptions and implications of each theory and technique are examined and critiqued form rational, empirical, and Christian perspectives. Students are trained in basic people helping skills such as listening skills, communication skills, crisis intervention, and problem-solving skills. The course is designed to prepare students to meet a basic competency level in these skills that are useful in a variety of career and personal settings.
342 Psychology for the Exceptional Child (3). Pre-req: PSY 203
A study of the child whose development follows atypical patterns. This would include all children eligible for special education placement: the mentally retarded, the gifted, the physically and behaviorally handicapped, the visually and hearing impaired, the learning disabled, the speech and language impaired, and autistic children. Students visit several local agencies in order to become more familiar with exceptional children and services available for these children.
352 Social Psychology (3). Pre-req: PSY 203
The analysis of human behavior, thought, and interactions of individuals, the function of the presence of others. Course topics include: social influence, interpersonal interaction, interpersonal attraction, theories of social behavior, moral behavior, attitudes, prejudice, and aggression.

Community Psychology (3). Pre-req: PSY 203

A study of how community psychology goes beyond an individual focus and integrates social, cultural, economic, political, environmental, and international influences to promote positive change, health, and empowerment at individual and community levels.

355 Basic Psychological Research (3). Pre-req: PSY 203
General research design in psychology, with an emphasis on experimental design and control. Topics include use of human participants in research, reliability and validity, observational methods, and survey and longitudinal designs.
362 Addictions/ Substance Abuse (3). Pre-req: PSY 203
This course examines real and alleged effects of drug use.  It also looks at the physical, physiological and psychological effects of drug use.
420 Cross Cultural/International Psychology (3). Pre-req: PSY 203
A study of the relationships between cultural context and ethnicity—both in the U.S. and the international context--and psychological and social functioning. Practical applications for understanding, working with, and helping people in different cultural settings will be explored.
461 Psychology through Eyes of Faith (3). Pre-req: PSY 203 (Capstone Course)
This course will explore how psychology is viewed through a Christian lens.  Discussion of integration of psychology and Christian faith will occur.
Sociology (SOC)
101 Introduction to Sociology (3).
A survey course designed to introduce the science of human society. Primary emphasis is on basic concepts and the development of a sociological perspective. Major figures in the history of social science and the analysis of culture, socialization, social institutions, and social change are emphasized.
201 Social Problems (3).
A study of theoretical approaches to social problems with special emphasis and research in such specific problems as medical care, poverty and dependency, crime, alcoholism, sexual deviancy, prejudice, discrimination and race relations, delinquency, environmental concerns, and mental illnesses. Social problems are examined and discussed, analyzing efforts of resolution from a Christian perspective.
202 The Family (3).
A study of the traditional and contemporary American family and its implication for Christian lifestyles. Issues to be studied include dating, courtship, choosing a mate, marriage, contraception, family planning, pregnancy, child abuse, economics of family life, communication and conflict management, media, divorce, and substance abuse.
220 Race, Gender, and Diversity: Social Stratification (3). Prerequisite: SOC 101.
An analysis of the social stratification system as organized by class, gender, race, and ethnicity. Emphasis is placed on human diversity and oppression, and on resulting implications for human service organizations, individuals, and society.
310 Death, Dying, and Grief (3).
This course provides a basic background on historical and contemporary perspectives on death and dying. Attention is given to current American practices regarding death, as well as cross-cultural interpretation. Emphasis is also placed on stages of death and the grief process.
350 Social Services Practice I (3). Prereq: SOC 101 and PSY 340.
An analysis of the methods and techniques of social service practice with an emphasis on work with individuals. Topics include ethics of practice, assessment, and intervention methods.
351 Social Services Practice II (3). Prereq: SOC 350.
A continuation of SOC 350. Examines the methods and techniques of practice with families, groups and communities. Topics include family and group dynamics, assessment and intervention methods, and dynamics of community organization.
370 Social Services Field Experience (3). Prereq: Junior or senior standing, BIB 360 and SOC 351.
Unpaid field experience related to the student's academic and life goals. The field experience is designed to provide professionally supervised experience in the research and application of principles of behavior and modification in selected settings.
Worldview Curriculum (WVC)
301 Christian Interpretation of Life (3). Pre-req: BIB 214, BIB 215
This course is a study of the Christian world- and life-view, contrasting Christianity with the worldviews of modernity and post-modernity. This Worldview Curriculum is designed to make the understanding and articulation of worldview (an overarching explanation of life or the perspective from which one interprets the world) a major goal of its educational program. As such, this class will seek to clarify and deepen each student's understanding of the general concept of worldview, providing a framework from which the student can construct and articulate his or her own worldview.
401 Kingdom Life: Family and Workplace (3). Prereq: WVC 301, Prereq. for BBA, BHA and BSM: BUS 419; only to be taken in semester immediately prior to graduation.
A practical application of the biblical vision of the Kingdom of God, especially as related to family and workplace.